Hottest Tech IPOs to watch.


Espoo, Finland

Industry: Telecommunications

Region: Finland 🇫🇮

Year Founded: 1865

IPO Date: 01-01-1995

Market Cap: $19 billion

Number of Employees: Approx. 92,000

Revenue: $21.86 billion (2020)

Net Income: $1.19 billion (2020)

Nokia Corporation

Nokia IPO

Nokia’s initial public offering (IPO) took place on January 1, 1995. The company was listed on the Helsinki Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol “NOKIA.”

At the time of the IPO, Nokia priced its shares at €24 per share. The IPO generated approximately €555 million in capital for the company.

Nokia’s IPO came more than a century after the company was founded in 1865 as a pulp mill in Finland. Over the years, Nokia evolved and diversified its business, entering the telecommunications industry and becoming a global leader in mobile phones and network infrastructure.

Following its IPO, Nokia experienced significant success and became one of the dominant players in the mobile phone market. The company introduced several iconic mobile phone models, such as the Nokia 3310 and Nokia N-series, which gained worldwide popularity and contributed to Nokia’s market dominance.

Nokia’s growth since its IPO has been accompanied by various challenges and market shifts. The company faced increased competition, particularly with the rise of smartphones and the dominance of other players in the industry. However, Nokia has continued to adapt and innovate, expanding its portfolio to include network infrastructure, software, and services.

Company Overview & History

Nokia Corporation traces its roots back to 1865 when it was established as a pulp mill in Tampere, Finland. Over the years, Nokia transformed itself into a conglomerate with interests in various industries, including rubber, cables, and electronics.

In the 1980s, Nokia recognized the potential of the emerging telecommunications industry and decided to focus on this sector. The company made strategic acquisitions and investments, positioning itself as a leader in mobile communications.

Nokia’s breakthrough moment came with the introduction of the Nokia Mobira Talkman in 1984, one of the first transportable phones. The company continued to innovate and released a series of successful mobile phone models, becoming the world’s largest mobile phone manufacturer in the late 1990s and early 2000s.

In addition to its success in mobile phones, Nokia played a crucial role in the development of GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications), a standard that revolutionized the telecommunications industry and enabled the widespread adoption of mobile phones.

However, with the advent of smartphones, Nokia faced challenges in adapting to the changing market dynamics. The company partnered with Microsoft and released smartphones running on the Windows Phone operating system, but it struggled to compete with the dominance of iOS and Android devices.

In recent years, Nokia has shifted its focus to network infrastructure, aiming to become a leading provider of 5G technology and solutions. The company also provides software and services to telecommunications operators, governments, and enterprises worldwide.

Financial Performance

YearRevenue(€M)Net Income(€M)EBITDA(€M)Operational Cash Flow(€M)

Business Model

Apple’s business model is centered around designing, manufacturing, and selling consumer electronics, software, and services. The company’s primary products include the iPhone, Mac computers, iPad tablets, Apple Watch, and Apple TV. Apple also offers a range of software and services such as iOS and macOS operating systems, iCloud, Apple Music, Apple Arcade, and Apple Pay.

Apple’s business model is known for its integration of hardware, software, and services, creating a seamless ecosystem that encourages customer loyalty and engagement. The company emphasizes innovation, design, and user experience to differentiate its products in the market.

Market Cap Over the Years

YearMarket Cap(krB)

Risk Factors

Key risk factors for Nokia Corporation include:

  • Intense competition in the technology and telecommunications industry from companies such as Ericsson, Huawei, Samsung, and Cisco.
  • Regulatory and legal challenges, including compliance with international trade laws, data privacy regulations, and intellectual property rights.
  • Potential supply chain disruptions, which could be caused by factors such as natural disasters, political instability, or changes in trade policies.
  • Dependence on a few key suppliers for critical components and materials, which exposes the company to risks related to quality, availability, and pricing.
  • Rapid technological advancements and evolving customer preferences, which require Nokia to continually invest in research and development and stay ahead of the competition.
  • Fluctuations in demand for telecommunications infrastructure and network equipment due to changes in economic conditions, government policies, or industry trends.
  • The need to maintain strong relationships with telecommunications operators and secure contracts for network deployment and maintenance projects.
  • Vulnerability to cybersecurity threats and the need to ensure the security and integrity of its products and services.

Market Opportunity

Nokia Corporation’s market opportunity lies in the technology and telecommunications industry. The company provides a wide range of products and services that cater to various segments within this industry. Some of the market opportunities for Nokia include:

  • Telecommunications infrastructure: Nokia offers network equipment, software, and services for telecommunications operators to build, upgrade, and maintain their networks. As the demand for high-speed connectivity and advanced technologies like 5G continues to grow, Nokia has the opportunity to provide innovative solutions to meet these needs.
  • Internet of Things (IoT): With the proliferation of connected devices and the rise of IoT applications, Nokia can leverage its expertise in networking and communication technologies to provide solutions for industries such as healthcare, manufacturing, transportation, and smart cities.
  • Software and services: Nokia offers a range of software solutions and professional services to help customers optimize their networks, improve operational efficiency, and enhance the user experience. This includes network management systems, analytics, cloud services, and cybersecurity solutions.

By capitalizing on these market opportunities and adapting to industry trends, Nokia can expand its customer base, increase its market share, and drive revenue growth.


  • Ericsson
  • Huawei
  • Samsung
  • Cisco
  • ZTE

Key/Fun Company Facts

  • Nokia Corporation was founded in 1865 as a pulp mill in Finland and later expanded into various industries before becoming a telecommunications company.
  • Nokia has a long history in the telecommunications industry and was a major player in the mobile phone market during the early 2000s.
  • The company’s iconic Nokia 3310, launched in 2000, is often regarded as one of the most durable and popular mobile phones of all time.
  • Nokia was one of the pioneers in mobile phone technology and played a significant role in the development of GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) standards.
  • In 2011, Nokia entered into a partnership with Microsoft, adopting the Windows Phone operating system for its smartphones. This collaboration aimed to compete with Android and iOS devices.
  • In recent years, Nokia has focused on providing telecommunications infrastructure, network equipment, and software solutions to operators worldwide.
  • Nokia is actively involved in the development of 5G technology and has been awarded contracts by various operators for 5G network deployments.
  • The company has a strong portfolio of patents related to telecommunications technologies, which contributes to its intellectual property assets and licensing revenue.